Course Content

Second Year Courses

Mathematical preliminaries

Determinant and Matrices

Vector spaces

Eigenvalue problems

Ordinary Differential equations

Partial Differential equations

Group theory
Vector Calculus

Motion of a Particle in One Dimension

Motion of a Particle in Two or Three Dimensions

Motion of Harmonic Oscillator

Motion of a System of Particles

Motion of Rigid Bodies


Wave Mechanics

Langragian and Hamiltonian Mechanics

Relativistic Mechanics

Modeling of Data

Solutions of non-linear equations

Numerical integration

Random processes and Monte Carlo simulation 

Linear equations 

Ordinary differential equations
Introduction to Astronomy software packages

Celestial mechanics

The universe

Solar system

Stellar Physics

Galaxies and Clusters 


Cultural astronomy 

Communicating astronomy

Steady currents and DC circuits; 

Magnetic fields;Electromagnetic induction; 

Self and mutual inductance;

Transients and A. C. Theory, and Elementary Electronics..
  • Geometrical optics:Thin and Thick Lenses;
  • Prisms; Prism Instruments; Dispersion;
  • Physical optics:Interference; Polarization;
  • Diffraction;Fourier series and transform;
  • Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction;
  • Newton’s rings
Beam bending; Density and Pressure in a fluid; 


Surface Tension;





Torsional rigidity; 

Bernoulli’s equation

Temperature and Heat; 

Thermal Expansion; 

Thermal Conductivity; 

Kinetic Theory of Gases; 

Specific Heat; 

Latent Heat; 

First Law of Thermodynamics; 

Heat Engines; 


Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Particles and Waves;

Electron dynamics:

Photoelectric emission

X rays. Production

Atomic structure

Wave Particle duality of matter

Third Year Courses

Tensor and Differential forms

Sturn – Liouville Theory

Green’ functions

Complex variable theory

Further topics in analysis

Gamma function

Bessel functions

Legendre functions

Angular momentum

More special functions

Fourier series

Integral transforms

Probability and statistics
Basic postulates and formalism of quantum mechanics

Angular momentum in quantum mechanics

Three dimensional Schrodinger equation

Dualistic Theory of Matter

The Discrete Energy Spectrum of the Two-Particle Central-Field Problem

The Continuous Spectrum and the Basic Properties of Solutions of the Many-Particle Problem

Dynamical Variables and Operators
Introduction to Electrostatics

Boundary-Value problems in Electrostatics II


Statistical Concepts

Fourier Analysis

Numerical Solutions to Partial Differential Equations

Iterative Techniques in Matrix Algebra

Approximation methods

Non-linear dynamics
Electrical/Electronic Circuit Analysi

Physics of Semiconductors

The PN Junction




Integrated Circuit Technology

Number Systems and Codes

Logic Gates and Associated Truth Tables

Boolean Algebra


Memory systems and Microprocessors
Crystal Structures.

Reciprocal Lattice

Crystal Binding and Elastic Constants.

Phonons: Crystal vibrations

Phonons: Thermal Properties

Free Electron Fermi Gas

Energy Bands
Introduction to light

Basic Optical elements

Aberrations in optical systems

Diffraction & Spectrometers

How optical elements are fabricated

Introduction to lasers & Laser Safety

Laser Applications

Photonics, Fiber optics and Integrated Optics
Statistical Methods

System of Particles

Statistical Thermodynamics

Basic Methods and Results of Statistical Mechanics

Simple Applications of Statistical Mechanics

Equilibrium between Phases or Chemical Species

Quantum Statistics of Ideal Gases
Radiation sources and radiation interaction in matter

Radiation safety

Counting statistics and errors

Ionization detector systems

Scintillation detector systems

Semiconductor detector systems

Neutron detection methods

Nuclear electronics

Multichannel analysis

Miscellaneous detector types

Fourth Year Courses

Matrix formalism of quantum mechanics

Wave packets and group velocity

Scalar products
Solar Radiation Fundamentals

Solar Energy Utilization

Photovoltaic and Concentrators

Renewable Sources of Energy

Physics of the Atmosphere
Introduction and Amplifier Review

Introduction to Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT) 

Introduction to Field Effect Transistors (FET)

Introduction to Metal-oxide-Semiconductor (MOSFET, D-MOSFETS, E-MOSFETS, CMOSFETS and Dual-Gate)

Installing various Windows operating system

Computer Use
Unsigned number systems including decimal, binary, octal, hex and base conversion

Codes - BCD, Gray, ASCII and parity; Basic digital logic gates (AND / OR) and truth tables

Boolean Algebra

Multiplexers, demultiplexers, decoders and other MSI circuits;

Basic SR Flip-Flops

One Shot Multivibrators and 555 type timers

Memory Systems

Programmable Logic

Computer Use
Semiconductor Crystals

Fermi Surfaces and Metals

Optical Properties of Solids

Magnetic Properties of Solids

Point Defects

Surface and Interface Physics
Basic elements of a laser

Optical resonators; Cavity modes; 

Mode selection; 

Pulsed operation of laser: 

Q-switching and Mode locking; Experimental technique of Q-switching and mode locking; 

Gaussian beam propagation

Different laser systems: 

Ruby, CO2, Dye and Semiconductor diode laser.

Basic elements of a laser; 

Threshold condition; 

Four-level laser system, CW operation of laser; 

Critical pumping rate; 

Population inversion and photon number in the cavity around threshold; 

Output coupling of laser power.

Optical resonators;

 Cavity modes; 

Mode selection; 

Pulsed operation of laser: 

Q-switching and Mode locking;

 Experimental technique of Q-switching and mode locking; 

Gaussian beam propagation

Different laser systems:

 Ruby, CO2, Dye and Semiconductor diode laser;
Basic Nuclear structure

Nuclear Decay and Radioactivity

Nuclear Reactions

Nuclear physics applications
Research proposal drafting; Modeling data, normal distribution and statistics; 

Experimental set-up and measurements; 

Graphical representation of measurement; 

Data collection; Data analysis; 

Presentation of results and conclusions drawn; 

Use of Power point slides; 

Report writing