## Second Year Courses

#### MPH 210 Mathematical Methods of Physics I

```Mathematical preliminaries

Determinant and Matrices

Vector spaces

Eigenvalue problems

Ordinary Differential equations

Partial Differential equations

Group theory```

#### PHP 220 Classical Mechanics

```Vector Calculus

Motion of a Particle in One Dimension

Motion of a Particle in Two or Three Dimensions

Motion of Harmonic Oscillator

Motion of a System of Particles

Motion of Rigid Bodies

Gravitation

Wave Mechanics

Langragian and Hamiltonian Mechanics

Relativistic Mechanics```

#### PHP 231 Computational Physics I

```Programming

Modeling of Data

Solutions of non-linear equations

Numerical integration

Random processes and Monte Carlo simulation

Linear equations

Ordinary differential equations```

#### PHP 241 Introductory Astronomy Course Code

```Introduction to Astronomy software packages

Celestial mechanics

The universe

Solar system

Stellar Physics

Galaxies and Clusters

Observations

Cultural astronomy

Communicating astronomy```

#### PHP 251 Electricity & Magnetism

```Electrostatics;

Magnetic fields;Electromagnetic induction;

Self and mutual inductance;

Transients and A. C. Theory, and Elementary Electronics..```

#### PHP 261 Optics

• `Geometrical optics:Thin and Thick Lenses;`
• `Prisms; Prism Instruments; Dispersion;`
• `Physical optics:Interference; Polarization;`
• `Diffraction;Fourier series and transform;`
• `Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction;`
• `Newton’s rings`

#### PHP 271 Properties of Matter and Thermodynamics

```Beam bending; Density and Pressure in a fluid;

Buoyancy;

Surface Tension;

Viscosity;

Capillarity;

Elasticity;

Plasticity;

Torsional rigidity;

Bernoulli’s equation

Temperature and Heat;

Thermal Expansion;

Thermal Conductivity;

Kinetic Theory of Gases;

Specific Heat;

Latent Heat;

First Law of Thermodynamics;

Heat Engines;

Refrigerators;

Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics```

#### PHP 281 Modern Physics

```Particles and Waves;

Electron dynamics:

Photoelectric emission

X rays. Production

Atomic structure

Wave Particle duality of matter```

## Third Year Courses

#### MPH 310 Mathematical Methods of Physics II

```Tensor and Differential forms

Sturn – Liouville Theory

Green’ functions

Complex variable theory

Further topics in analysis

Gamma function

Bessel functions

Legendre functions

Angular momentum

More special functions

Fourier series

Integral transforms

Probability and statistics```

#### PHP 310 Quantum Mechanics I

```Basic postulates and formalism of quantum mechanics

Angular momentum in quantum mechanics

Three dimensional Schrodinger equation

Dualistic Theory of Matter

The Discrete Energy Spectrum of the Two-Particle Central-Field Problem

The Continuous Spectrum and the Basic Properties of Solutions of the Many-Particle Problem

Dynamical Variables and Operators```

#### PHP 320 Electromagnetic Theory

```Introduction to Electrostatics

Boundary-Value problems in Electrostatics II

Magnetostatics```

#### PHP 330 Computational Physics II

```Programming

Statistical Concepts

Fourier Analysis

Numerical Solutions to Partial Differential Equations

Iterative Techniques in Matrix Algebra

Approximation methods

Non-linear dynamics```

#### PHP 340 Analog and Digital Electronics

```Electrical/Electronic Circuit Analysi

Physics of Semiconductors

The PN Junction

Rectifiers

Transistors

Amplifiers

Integrated Circuit Technology

Number Systems and Codes

Logic Gates and Associated Truth Tables

Boolean Algebra

Flip-Flops

Memory systems and Microprocessors```

#### PHP 350 Solid State Physics I

```Crystal Structures.

Reciprocal Lattice

Crystal Binding and Elastic Constants.

Phonons: Crystal vibrations

Phonons: Thermal Properties

Free Electron Fermi Gas

Energy Bands```

#### PHP 360 Applied Optics and Lasers

```Introduction to light

Basic Optical elements

Aberrations in optical systems

Diffraction & Spectrometers

How optical elements are fabricated

Introduction to lasers & Laser Safety

Laser Applications

Photonics, Fiber optics and Integrated Optics```

#### Statistical & Thermal Physics

```Statistical Methods

System of Particles

Statistical Thermodynamics

Basic Methods and Results of Statistical Mechanics

Simple Applications of Statistical Mechanics

Equilibrium between Phases or Chemical Species

Quantum Statistics of Ideal Gases```

#### PHP 380 Experimental Nuclear Techniques

```Radiation sources and radiation interaction in matter

Counting statistics and errors

Ionization detector systems

Scintillation detector systems

Semiconductor detector systems

Neutron detection methods

Nuclear electronics

Multichannel analysis

Miscellaneous detector types```

## Fourth Year Courses

#### PHP 410 Quantum Mechanics II

```Matrix formalism of quantum mechanics

Wave packets and group velocity

Scalar products```

#### Physics of Renewable Energy and Environment

```Solar Radiation Fundamentals

Solar Energy Utilization

Photovoltaic and Concentrators

Renewable Sources of Energy

Physics of the Atmosphere```

#### PHP 420 Analog Electronics

```Introduction and Amplifier Review

Introduction to Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

Introduction to Field Effect Transistors (FET)

Introduction to Metal-oxide-Semiconductor (MOSFET, D-MOSFETS, E-MOSFETS, CMOSFETS and Dual-Gate)

Installing various Windows operating system

Computer Use```

#### PHP 430 Digital Electronics

```Unsigned number systems including decimal, binary, octal, hex and base conversion

Codes - BCD, Gray, ASCII and parity; Basic digital logic gates (AND / OR) and truth tables

Boolean Algebra

Multiplexers, demultiplexers, decoders and other MSI circuits;

Basic SR Flip-Flops

One Shot Multivibrators and 555 type timers

Memory Systems

Programmable Logic

Computer Use```

#### PHP 450 Solid State Physics II

```Semiconductor Crystals

Fermi Surfaces and Metals

Optical Properties of Solids

Magnetic Properties of Solids

Point Defects

Surface and Interface Physics```

#### PHP 460 Laser Physics

```Basic elements of a laser

Optical resonators; Cavity modes;

Mode selection;

Pulsed operation of laser:

Q-switching and Mode locking; Experimental technique of Q-switching and mode locking;

Gaussian beam propagation

Different laser systems:

Ruby, CO2, Dye and Semiconductor diode laser.

Basic elements of a laser;

Threshold condition;

Four-level laser system, CW operation of laser;

Critical pumping rate;

Population inversion and photon number in the cavity around threshold;

Output coupling of laser power.

Optical resonators;

Cavity modes;

Mode selection;

Pulsed operation of laser:

Q-switching and Mode locking;

Experimental technique of Q-switching and mode locking;

Gaussian beam propagation

Different laser systems:

Ruby, CO2, Dye and Semiconductor diode laser;```

#### PHP 480 Nuclear Physics

```Basic Nuclear structure

Nuclear Reactions

Nuclear physics applications```

#### PHP 400 Special Research Project

```Research proposal drafting; Modeling data, normal distribution and statistics;

Experimental set-up and measurements;

Graphical representation of measurement;

Data collection; Data analysis;

Presentation of results and conclusions drawn;

Use of Power point slides;

Report writing```