Using O'clock, Half, and Quarter

There are a few different ways to say what time it is.

😺When it's **12:00,** we say it's** twelve o'clock.**

When it's **12:30,** we can say it's **half-past twelve.**

👉 **Half-past twelve **is a short way of saying it's **half **an hour (30 minutes) **after **12:00.

When it's 12:15, we can say that it's **a** ** quarter past twelve.**

👉 **Quarter past twelve **is a short way of saying it's a **quarter **of an hour (15 minutes) **after **12:00.

🤔Do you know what **half **and **quarter **mean?

When you **split **something into **two equal parts,** each part is **half **of the whole.

When you **split **something into **four equal parts,** each part is a **quarter **of the whole.

**Half-past twelve **means the same thing as 12:30.

The minute hand has moved **halfway **around the clock. Doesn't it look like half of a circle?

1:30, 2:30 and 3:30 can all be described as half past 1, half past 2, and half past 3.

**Quarter past **twelve is the same as 12:**15.**

The minute hand has moved a quarter way around the clock. Doesn't it look like a quarter of a circle?

Quarter past 1, quarter past 2 and quarter past 3 are all ways of describing 1:15, 2:15 and 3:15.

🤓 **Tip:** At a quarter past, the hour hand won't point exactly at any of the hour numbers. It will have moved a little after it.

😺 **Super tip:** At quarter past, the minute hand always points to the 3!

**Quarter to **is the opposite of quarter past.

**Quarter to 12 **is the same as **11:45.**

👉 It means there is a quarter of an hour (15 minutes) left until 12:00. A quarter to 12 is **before **12:00.

😺 **Secret trick:** at **quarter to,** the minute hand always points to the 9!

** Twelve o'clock** is the same as 12:00.

The minute hand is at the **top **of the clock on the 12.

One o'clock, two o'clock and three o'clock are all words you can use to describe the time at 1:00, 2:00 and 3:00.

Congratulations! 🎉 You now know some new words for telling time. Start your practice below.

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