This is a three year programme done on full time. Candidates holding an Advanced Certificate in Mining with an acceptable level of experience in the mining industry may be admitted at third year level.
Introduction, Atomic theory and structure, Periodic table, bonding, formulae, Kinetic theory of gases, Gas laws, Electrolytes and solutions. Introduction, laws of thermodynamics, thermochemistry, free energy and equilibrium, the liquid state.
Co-ordinate Geometry: transformation of co-ordinates; introduction to conic section; some properties of the circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Tangent and normal to Conic Sections. Dispersion statistics.Probability distributions. Three dimensional trigonometry. Basic vector algebra.Matrix algebra and application to equations.Further differentiation; rates of changes, power series.Further integration.Differential equations; first order, separation of variables, integration factors.
History of the mining industry: World minerals and their uses, the importance of the mining industry to the Zambian economy and society. Introduction to general mining operations: surface and underground mining terminology, the scope of mining activities. Stages in the life of a mine: prospecting, exploration, development, exploitation and reclamation. Drilling Techniques: theory and principles of drilling; surface and underground drilling methods; drilling performance and costs.Explosives: classification of explosives, types and characteristics, selection of commercial explosives, detonation and explosive performance, Oxygen balance calculations, explosive charge and rock fragmentation, initiation systems (initiation links, detonators and primers), storage and handling of explosives, alternative to explosives. Blasting techniques: primary and secondary blasting, blasting circuits (series circuits and parallel circuits, series in parallel circuits and parallel in series circuits). Explosives Regulations (Zambian Legislation and International Standards): DOs and DON’Ts. Ground support: purpose and types of support, active and passive support, conditions of use of different support, advantages and disadvantages of different support systems. Mining Methods: classification of surface and underground mining methods, conditions of application. Mine Ventilation Principles: Importance and purpose of ventilation in mines. Principles of Safety: The meaning of safety, the safety system, steps in accident prevention, classification of accidents.
Principles of statics and dynamics, concepts of stress and strain. Fluid mechanics: definitions, fluid dynamics, flow of real fluids. Thermodynamics: laws of thermodynamics; pumps, compressed air practice, hoists and hoisting systems.
Dynamic Earth & Plate Tectonics: Internal/external structure of the earth, composition, plate margins, plate motions & phenomena at the plate boundaries. Mineralogy: Mineral classification based on chemical composition, Mineral classification based on atomic structure, Rock-forming minerals, Crystallisation history, Bowen’s reaction series. Petrology: Rock classification, Formation of igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks & metamorphic rocks, Textures/structures/fabrics of rocks, Index minerals of rock types, Rock nomenclature and basis. Surface Processes: Weathering processes (chemical, mechanical and biological), Geological action of river waters, Geological action of wind, Geological action of ocean, Stratigraphy & Geologic time scale. Structural Geology: Elements of a fold, descriptive classes of folds, fold formation mechanisms, Elements of a fault, descriptive classes of faults, fault formation mechanisms, Elements of joint, descriptive classes of joints, joint formation mechanisms, Elements of unconformity, descriptive classes of unconformities, unconformity formation mechanisms and identification criteria. Principles and classification of ore deposits and industrial mineral deposits.
Introduction: chain and compass surveying, coordinate systems. Areas and volumes.Planimeter. Instrument optics: lenses, telescopes, theodolites and accessories, levels, prisms and mirrors. Traversing. Optical and Electromagnetic distance measurement (EDM).
Technical Report Writing, Aim of Report Writing, The Report Writing Process; Report Structure; Report Format; Report Style; Referencing in a Report. Use mine modelling software tools (e.g. AutoCAD, Surpac, Datamine, Vulcan, Ventism, Talpac, Rockscience software, etc.) for the following: Draughting principles, scales, views, sections and cuts; depiction of relief; symbols and conventions, contours, area and volume calculations. Plans and map construction: surface maps and plans, composite plans, modelling of underground sections and profiles, drilling layout, scheduling, ventilation networks.
Properties of soil and rocks; Mohr Coulomb, Hoek and Brown failure criteria. Slope stability; causes and effects of excavations failure. Rock stresses; elasticity. Underground structures.Support and subsidence; rock burst; rock mass classification; Rock Quality Designation (RQD).
Geochemical exploration: trace elements, sampling, dispersion, data compilation and interpretation. Geophysical methods. Role of geology in the mining industry, geological ground conditions in mines; sampling techniques; ore reserve. Ore and mineral deposits of Zambia. Gemstones: quality, processing and marketing.
Curves.Horizontal and vertical control; levelling, geodetic levels, orthometric and dynamic heights.Underground control, correlation, development and levelling. Open cast surveying; slope monitoring, month-end measurements. Introduction to photogrammetry; aerial photogrammetry and photo-interpretation.
Types of organization; financial accounts.Budgetary control; costing.Mine evaluation and feasibility studies. Exploration budgets, mine planning. Cost of development and surface mines, financing mining ventures; plant and project. Management, pricing considerations. Supply/demand/price forecast. Financial analysis; investment criteria and cash flow analysis. Principles of mine management work study and operational management.
The student will be required to carry out a project related to his/her subject/field of specialization. A course in report writing is included. The project is used to make the student apply the practical and theoretical knowledge obtained during the course. It will normally consist of either a review of a relevant topic or a practical project with data being generated from experiments performed by a student in industry or university and it will also incorporate student seminars in which the student is required to present papers on any mining related subject. Performance will be based on a formal report and an oral examination.