This is a five year programme done on full time. It also consists of two options of Mine Planning and Rock Mechanics at the final year. The students are allowed to choose the desired option. Candidates who hold a good Diploma in Mining or a related field may be admitted at second year level.
This course introduces mining engineering students to the basic concepts of surveying. Topics covered include the following: Introduction to Surveying, theory of measurement errors, Chain and Compass Surveying, Co-ordinate systems and grids; GPS; areas and volumes, planimeter. Levelling and height determination; Theodolites and angular measurements; Traversing; Optical Distance measurement. Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM), Total Stations, Trigonometric point determination, curve ranging, introduction to Photogrammetry, Hydrographic surveying, Engineering surveying and setting out works; Introduction to Mine Surveying.
Mine surveying conversions and symbols; curves; correlation, underground control, underground levelling, open cast surveying, setting out, ore reserves and quantities, mine plans and maps of mining areas, slope and deformation monitoring, month – end measurements, special surveys, relevant legislation.
Technical Report Writing, Aim of Report Writing, The Report Writing Process; Report Structure; Report Format; Report Style; Referencing in a Report. Use mine modelling software tools (e.g. AutoCAD, Surpac, Datamine, Vulcan, Ventism, Talpac, Rockscience software, etc.) for the following: Draughting principles, scales, views, sections and cuts; depiction of relief; symbols and conventions, contours, area and volume calculations. Plans and map construction: surface maps and plans, composite plans, modelling of underground sections and profiles, drilling layout, scheduling, ventilation networks.
Introduction to Rock Mechanics; geological setting; stress and strain analysis; rock strength-intact rock and discontinuous rock; rock mass properties; permeability, in homogeneity and anisotropy; rock mass classification; laboratory testing and applications to geotechnical problems; Stereographic Projection Methods.
Review of Classical Statistical Concepts; Basic Geostatistical Concepts; Theory of regionalized variables; basic assumption; variogram; random function and stationarity; desirable properties of estimators; ordinary Kriging; volume/variance relationship; kriging of areas and volumes; simple kriging estimation methods of recoverable reserves; Geostatistical application examples in copper, gold and coal estimation; blast-hole kriging for ore-waste selection; computer application of geostatistical methods and stochastic simulation to orebody modelling and grade control.
Engineering properties of rocks: Formation of soil, soil classification and uses of soils; soil components and phase relationships; Compaction, Soil Water at rest, Soil Water in Motion; Introduction to Hydrogeology: the hydrological cycle and its interactions, types of aquifers; basic definitions. Regional flow systems; analysis of steady flow in aquifers; boreholes, piezometers and wells; permeability testing; lab and piezometer tests.Subsurface exploration; Maps and aerial photography; Rocks as construction materials.Engineering Geology and environmental control - river and flood control, lakes, shoreline control. Site Investigation; Remote Sensing: photos, maps, satellite imagery, core logging, geophysical methods – water search.
The use of models in decision-making, theory of optimisation, Operations Research methodology. Linear and Dynamic Programming; graphical and computer solutions, Probabilistic methods; Monte Carlo simulating queuing theory, game theory, Markov chains. Scheduling; CPM and PERT network analysis, scheduling computer packages such as Microsoft project; application of operations research to mining problems.Simulation modelling. Problem solving using spread sheets.
The student will be required to carry out a research project with a major in mine planning and design. The project is used to make the student apply the practical and theoretical knowledge obtained during the elementary years of study. It will normally consist of either a review of a relevant topic or a practical project with data being generated from experiments performed by a student in industry or university and it will also incorporate student seminars in which the student is required to present papers on any mining related subject. Performance will be based on a formal report and an oral examination.
Further stress and strain analysis. Fracture and flow of rock: stress gradients, behaviour of rock and fracture mechanics. Stereographic projection methods. Block theory of failure. Slope design: failure mechanisms and analysis. Underground design and analysis in continuous and discontinuous rock.
Introduction to soil Mechanics: Soil properties and strength characteristics; Physicochemical soil behaviour; Soil slope failure analysis and stabilisation. Introduction to foundations: Bearing capacity Principles; Site and subsurface investigations.
Introduction to Instrumentation, instrumentation and monitoring.Geotechnical data collection and analysis. Prediction of pre- mining/post-mining rock stresses and strains. Ground dislocations: introduction to numerical methods in geomechanics (boundary value problems, BEM, FEM). Pillar mechanics and design; Longwall geomechanics; Subsidence Engineering: caving phenomena, parameters influencing subsidence, subsidence measurement and prediction; mine fill design and applications.
The student will be required to carry out a research project with a major in rock mechanics. The project is used to make the student apply the practical and theoretical knowledge obtained during the elementary years of study. It will normally consist of either a review of a relevant topic or a practical project with data being generated from experiments performed by a student in industry or university and it will also incorporate student seminars in which the student is required to present papers on any mining related subject. Performance will be based on a formal report and an oral examination.