Bachelor of Engineering in  Mining Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering in  Mining Engineering

This is a five year programme done on full time. It also consists of two options of Mine Planning and Rock Mechanics at the final year. The students are allowed to choose the desired option. Candidates who hold a good Diploma in Mining or a related field may be admitted at second year level.

Programme Details

FIRST YEAR DEGREE MINING COURSE

Algebra

Trigonometry

Analytical geometry

Complex numbers

Functions

Vectors

Matrices and Determinants

Calculus

  • Units and Dimensions
  • Linear motion
  • Vectors
  • Work, energy and power
  • Simple machines
  • Circular motion
  • Rotational Motion
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Fluids
  • Surface Tension
  • Ray Option
  • Heat
  • Thermal expansions
  • Heat Transfer
  • Hygrometry
  • Heating matter
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics
  • Electric Fields
  • Electric Potential
  • Capacitance
  • Current and Resistance
  • Direct Current Circuits
  • Magnetic Fields
  • Sources of magnetic fields
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Inductance
  • Alternating Current Circuits
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Mirrors and Lenses
  • Interference
  • Diffraction
  • Special Relativity
  • Atoms and photons
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Sound and Noise.
  • Introduction to Processes:
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry
  •  First law of thermodynamics
  • Thermochemistry
  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Free Energy
  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Electrochemistry: Oxidation
  • Heterogeneous equilibrium
  • Solutions
  • Rates of Chemical Reactions
  • Reaction Kinetics
  • Treatment of water supplies and effluents
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Data Processing, Computer Hardware
  • Computer Software
  • Application Software
  •  Introduction to Programming languages
  • The Program Development Process
  • High-Level Programming Language
  • Basics of communication skills
  • Library Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • Definition
  • Information from visual sources:
  • Technical correspondence
Engineering Drawing
Mechanical Skills

SECOND YEAR DEGREE MINING COURSE

  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Review of Algebra, Analytical Geometry and Calculus
  • Complex Numbers
  •  Infinite series, Products and Integrals
  • Vectors and Solid Geometry
  • Partial Differentiation
  • Integrals with Several Variables
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Ordinary Differential Equation of the First Order
  • Ordinary Linear Differential Equations of Higher Orders
  •  Power Series Solutions of Differential Equations
  • Laplace Transformations
  • History of the mining industry
  • Introduction to general mining operations
  •  Stages in the life of a mine
  • Drilling Techniques
  • Explosives
  • Blasting techniques
  • Explosives Regulations
  • Ground support
  • Mining Methods
  • Mine Ventilation Principles
  • Principles of Safety
  • Statics
  • Dynamics
  • Strength of materials
This course introduces mining engineering students to the basic concepts of surveying. Topics covered include the following: Introduction to Surveying, theory of measurement errors, Chain and Compass Surveying, Co-ordinate systems and grids; GPS; areas and volumes, planimeter. Levelling and height determination; Theodolites and angular measurements; Traversing; Optical Distance measurement. Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM), Total Stations, Trigonometric point determination, curve ranging, introduction to Photogrammetry, Hydrographic surveying, Engineering surveying and setting out works; Introduction to Mine Surveying.
  • Dynamic Earth & Plate Tectonics
  • Mineralogy
  • Petrology
  • Surface Processes
  • Structural Geology
  • Electrostatics
  • Magnetism
  • Circuit Theory
  • Electronics Instrumentation
  • Power Utilisation
  • Electrical Machines
  • Definition and properties of fluids, units and dimensions
  • Conservation of mass
  • Specific applications
  • Pumping
  • Single phase flow
  • Multiphase flow
  • Thermodynamics

THIRD YEAR DEGREE MINING COURSE

  • Fourier Series and Integrals
  • Partial Differential Equations
  •  Complex Analytical Functions
  • Expansion in Serie
  • The Calculus of Residues
  •  Conformal Transformation
  • Numerical Methods and Analysis
  • Numerical Methods in Linear Algebra
  • Numerical Methods for Differential Equations
  • Statistics and Probability:Statistics
  • Probability
  • Mining Methods
  •  Surface Mining Methods
  •  Hard Rock Underground Mining Methods
  • Coal Mining
  • Offsite infrastructure
  • Mining Services
  • Mine Development Access
  • Raising
  • Tunnelling
  • Materials Handling and Transport Systems
  • Dewatering and Flood Control
Mine surveying conversions and symbols; curves; correlation, underground control, underground levelling, open cast surveying, setting out, ore reserves and quantities, mine plans and maps of mining areas, slope and deformation monitoring, month – end measurements, special surveys, relevant legislation.
  • Mining Geology
  • Economic Geology
  • Geology Of Zambia & Zambian Copperbelt
  • Introduction to Mineral Processing
  •  Introduction to extractive Metallurgy
Technical Report Writing, Aim of Report Writing, The Report Writing Process; Report Structure; Report Format; Report Style; Referencing in a Report. Use mine modelling software tools (e.g. AutoCAD, Surpac, Datamine, Vulcan, Ventism, Talpac, Rockscience software, etc.) for the following: Draughting principles, scales, views, sections and cuts; depiction of relief; symbols and conventions, contours, area and volume calculations. Plans and map construction: surface maps and plans, composite plans, modelling of underground sections and profiles, drilling layout, scheduling, ventilation networks.

FOURTH YEAR DEGREE MINING COURSE

Introduction to Rock Mechanics; geological setting; stress and strain analysis; rock strength-intact rock and discontinuous rock; rock mass properties; permeability, in homogeneity and anisotropy; rock mass classification; laboratory testing and applications to geotechnical problems; Stereographic Projection Methods.

DRILLING AND BLASTING

  • Influence of rock mass characteristics on drilling and blasting
  • Drilling Techniques
  • Rock Breakage by Explosives
  • Explosives Regulation
  • Blasting techniques
  • Open pit blast design practices
  • Underground hard rock blast design practices
  • Blasting in Underground Coal Mines
  • Environmental Impacts of blasting

MACHINE MINING

  • Rock cutting machines
  • Mine Climate
  • Mine Ventilation
  • Occupational Health Safety (OHS)
Review of Classical Statistical Concepts; Basic Geostatistical Concepts; Theory of regionalized variables; basic assumption; variogram; random function and stationarity; desirable properties of estimators; ordinary Kriging; volume/variance relationship; kriging of areas and volumes; simple kriging estimation methods of recoverable reserves; Geostatistical application examples in copper, gold and coal estimation; blast-hole kriging for ore-waste selection; computer application of geostatistical methods and stochastic simulation to orebody modelling and grade control.
  • Micro-economics
  • Macro-economics
  • Mineral Marketing and Pricing
Engineering properties of rocks: Formation of soil, soil classification and uses of soils; soil components and phase relationships; Compaction, Soil Water at rest, Soil Water in Motion; Introduction to Hydrogeology: the hydrological cycle and its interactions, types of aquifers; basic definitions.  Regional flow systems; analysis of steady flow in aquifers; boreholes, piezometers and wells; permeability testing; lab and piezometer tests.Subsurface exploration; Maps and aerial photography; Rocks as construction materials.Engineering Geology and environmental control - river and flood control, lakes, shoreline control. Site Investigation; Remote Sensing: photos, maps, satellite imagery, core logging, geophysical methods – water search.
The use of models in decision-making, theory of optimisation, Operations Research methodology. Linear and Dynamic Programming; graphical and computer solutions, Probabilistic methods; Monte Carlo simulating queuing theory, game theory, Markov chains. Scheduling; CPM and PERT network analysis, scheduling computer packages such as Microsoft project; application of operations research to mining problems.Simulation modelling. Problem solving using spread sheets.
  • Mining and Environmental Degradation
  • Environmental Social Responsibilities (The Valdez Principles)
  • Environmental Law Norms
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Process
  • Environmental Project Brief (EPB)
  • Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
  • Environmental Laws and Standards in Zambia

FIFTH YEAR - MINE PLANNING AND DESIGN

  • Mine Planning Process
  • Geotechnical Analysis and Rock Engineering Strategies
  • Design of Underground Mining Methods
  •  Underground Mine Optimisation
  • Mine scheduling and production planning
  •  Financial technical modelling and revenue assumptions
  •  Development Layout of various Mining Methods
  • Mine closure planning.
  • Mine Planning Process
  • Surface Mine Planning phase
  • Mining Methods comparison and selection techniques
  • Determination of Ultimate Pit outline
  • Open Pit Optimisation
  • Open Pit Production Planning and Scheduling
  •  Open Pit Design
  • Financial technical modelling
  • Surface Coal Mining
  • Mine Management
  • Industrial Relations
  • Mine Asset Management and Maintenance Engineering
  • Contracts and Contractor Management
  •  Entrepreneurship
  • Enterprising opportunities
  • Starting new business ventures
  • Management accounting;Marketing strategies.
  • Valuation tool and techniques
  • Mine Project Financing
  • Feasibility studies and project cycles
  • Sensitivity and risk analysis

COAL MINING

  • Coal Mining Development Methods
  • Strip Mining
  • Bord and Pillar Mining
  • Longwall Mining
  • Shortwall Mining. Ventilation and Environmental Control in Underground Coal Mining
  • Strata Control in Underground Coal Mining

OIL AND GAS MINING

  •  Locating Oil and Natural Gas accumulations
  • Oil and Gas Fields
  • The Exploration and Production Lifecycle
  • Developing an Oil or Gas Field
  • Environmental Management
  • Computer Applications in Mine Planning and Design
  • Computer Applications in Rock Mechanics
  •  Introduction toNumerical Methods in Mining
The student will be required to carry out a research project with a major in mine planning and design. The project is used to make the student apply the practical and theoretical knowledge obtained during the elementary years of study. It will normally consist of either a review of a relevant topic or a practical project with data being generated from experiments performed by a student in industry or university and it will also incorporate student seminars in which the student is required to present papers on any mining related subject. Performance will be based on a formal report and an oral examination.

FIFTH YEAR - ROCK MECHANICS

Further stress and strain analysis. Fracture and flow of rock: stress gradients, behaviour of rock and fracture mechanics. Stereographic projection methods. Block theory of failure. Slope design: failure mechanisms and analysis. Underground design and analysis in continuous and discontinuous rock.
Introduction to soil Mechanics: Soil properties and strength characteristics; Physicochemical soil behaviour; Soil slope failure analysis and stabilisation. Introduction to foundations: Bearing capacity Principles; Site and subsurface investigations.
Introduction to Instrumentation, instrumentation and monitoring.Geotechnical data collection and analysis. Prediction of pre- mining/post-mining rock stresses and strains. Ground dislocations: introduction to numerical methods in geomechanics (boundary value problems, BEM, FEM). Pillar mechanics and design; Longwall geomechanics; Subsidence Engineering: caving phenomena, parameters influencing subsidence, subsidence measurement and prediction; mine fill design and applications.
(See Option A: Mine Planning and Design)
(See Option A: Mine Planning and Design)
(See Option A: Mine Planning and Design)
The student will be required to carry out a research project with a major in rock mechanics. The project is used to make the student apply the practical and theoretical knowledge obtained during the elementary years of study. It will normally consist of either a review of a relevant topic or a practical project with data being generated from experiments performed by a student in industry or university and it will also incorporate student seminars in which the student is required to present papers on any mining related subject. Performance will be based on a formal report and an oral examination.